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This film shows the technique of dissecting of the left parts of the colon, modified combined approach for splenic flexure mobilization for cancer of the descending colon.

This film shows the technique of dissecting of the left parts of the colon, modified combined approach for splenic flexure mobilization for cancer of the descending colon.
Surgeon D.K. Puchkov (2019y).

This film shows the technique of dissecting of the left parts of the colon, modified combined approach for splenic flexure mobilization for cancer of the descending colon.

Patient M., 62 years old, was treated with a diagnosis of cancer of the descending colon fT3N0M0, G2. During the preoperative examination, RCT of abdominal organs in the descending colon was found a volumetric formation ~ 4 cm in diameter, no enlarged lymph nodes in the abdominal cavity were detected.

A 10 mm trocar, camera were introduced in the umbilical area. In the mesogastrium, in the right and left iliac regions three 5 mm trocars were introduced. The tumor was located in the proximal third of the descending colon, mobile, dense, the serous layer was not involved.

The parietal peritoneum was dissected along the IMA, the IMA was mobilized at the origin of its bifurcation. IMA branches were skeletonized, the left colon artery was selectively cut with a 5mm Ligasure device, and then the IMV was transsected. The left parts of the colon were mobilized with the Harmonic device in medial-to-lateral (inframesocolic) approach in the interfascial layer with visualization of the pancreatic tail.

An entrance to the omental bursa was made through the mesentery of the transverse colon, the mesentery was separated from the pancreas to the splenic flexure. The peritoneum was dissected along the left lateral canal to the splenic flexure.

Dissection of the gastro-colon ligament was performed, the splenic flexure of the colon was mobilized. The operation stage time was 65 minutes.

Laparoscopic anterior resection of rectum

Laparoscopic anterior resection of rectum
D-r Puchkov D.K. (CMS) is performing an operation (2018).

In this video the technique of performing the anterior rectal resection for chronic diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon is presented. A 58 year-old female patient was treated, having the diagnosis: Diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon, relapsing diverticular without complications. Within the last 5 months a patient thrice was hospitalized for acute complications of diverticular disease. During preoperation investigation according to fibrocolonoscopy, had found multiple diverticula with the symptoms of inflammation in the sigmoid colon, and in rectum on the border of middle ampullar and upper ampullar parts and proximally thickening and rigidity of rectal wall had been found out. RCT of abdominal cavity had shown multiple diverticula in the sigmoid colon, some indirect symptoms of presence of “chronic” abscess in Douglas cul-de-sac.
“Classical” scheme of positioning of troacars had been used: in the right iliac area, the right and left mesogastric area. The operation was started from rectum, identification of interfascial layer with help of Harmonic scalpel (”Ethicon”) device. In case, if it is not possible clearly visualize the layer between Toldt’s fascia and fascia Gerotae distally to the inferior mesenteric artery, the layer could be visualized under the inferior mesenteric vein. Transection of the inferior mesenteric artery was done near at the origin with LigaSure instrument (“Medtronic”). The next stage was exposure of the inferior mesenteric vein, identification of embryologic layer of the large colon, we use from media-to-lateral direction towards splenic flexure. For safe mobilization of the splenic flexure of the colon was dissected in inframesocolic way. Preliminarily dissection of pancreas should be done, then opening of omentum sac, after that the abdomen of the left lateral canal was incised, then mobilization of the descending part of colon and of splenic flexure of the colon took place. Then exposure of rectum along the posterior wall with the identification of the left ureter took place. Exposure of rectum is up to the infiltrate level along the posterior wall, then – along the right and left half - curcumference, and only after at the end-along the anterior wall. Transection of the large colon in the distal part was done with EcheloFlex-60 (a blue cassette) device (“Ethicon”). Then minilaparotomy was performed (about 5 cm), a latex ring “Dextrus” was placed in the wound to restrict tissues of the anterior abdominal wall from the colon. The colon was exteriorized, resection of specimen was done, the head of CDH-29 device (“Ethicon”) was inserted into the proximal end, it was fixed by purse-string suture, “Vicryl” 2-0 thread was used, then, it was immersed into the abdominal cavity. CDH-29 device was introduced transanally, created an anastomosis. Operation was finished by draining the small pelvis. The duration of operation was 130 minutes.

Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy

Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy.
D-r Puchkov D.K. (CMS) is performing an operation (2018).

• In this video the technique of laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is presented. A 53 year-old female patient was operated with diagnosis: Cancer of the hepatic flexure of the colon fT3N0M0, G2. During preoperation investigation of the abdominal cavity according to RCT, was found extensive formation about 5.5 cm in diameter and multiple increased lymphatic nodes along the artery ileocolica, without symptoms of their metastatic lesion. The first stage of operation: a 10 mm troacar was placed above the umbilicus, 10 mm optic was introduced. Then a 5 mm troacar was introduced in epigastrium along the midline of abdomen under the guidance of optic, 5 mm troacars were introduced into the right and left iliac areas. During revision of the abdominal cavity where was not found any sings of metastases in liver. The tumour was found in the cecum, movable, firm, does not involve the serous layer. Increased lymphatic nodes of the first priority were visualized. Intraoperatively surgeons decided to perform a right hemicolectomy with the high ligating of artery and vein ileocolica. Artery and vein were visualized, skeletonized, transected near the area of its origin with 5 mm LigaSure (“Medtronic Covidien”) device. The right part of the large colon was mobilized from “downwards-to- upwards” within the boundaries of Toldt’s fascia with Harmonic (“Ethicon”) scalpel, the descending part of duodenum was visualized, the head of pancreas, infrapyloric lymphatic nodes are intact. The abdomen of the right lateral canal was transected, resection of gastrocolic ligament up to the level of middle one-third of the transverse colon was done. Mesentery of the colic colon was mobilized up to the level of middle one-third of the transverse colic colon. Mesentery of the iliac colon was transected at the distance of 15 cm proximally to Bauhin’s (ileocecal) valve. Middle minilaparotomy was performed. Latex ring “Dextrus” was placed into the wound to restrict tissues of the anterior abdominal wall from the colon with tumour, the colon is exteriorized into the wound, resection of the right parts of the colon and iliac colon was done. Bistapler ileotransversoanastomosis “side –by-side” was performed. Edges of anastomosis were additionally stitched by “Vicryl” 3-0 thread. The abdominal cavity was drained via troacar incision in the right iliac area. Minilaparotomic and troacar wounds were stitched layer by layer. Aceptic bandage was applied. Operation duration is 80 minutes.

Laparoscopic D3 lymphadenectomy for right-sided colon cancer

Laparoscopic D3 lymphadenectomy for right-sided colon cancer.
D-r Puchkov D.K. (CMS) is performing an operation (2018).

In this film the technique of performing D-3 lymphadenectomy (operation stage) for right-sided colon cancer is presented. A 50 year-old male patient was treated with diagnosis: Cancer of hepatic flexure of colon fT3N1M0, G2. During preoperation investigation, on RCT research a few findings was detected: a big formation in the transverse colon, closer to the hepatic flexure about 5 cm in diameter, there were multiple increased lymphatic nodes in the mesentery of the ascending colon, without sings of metastatic lesion. There is no RCT information about local spreading of tumour. The first stage of operation: a 10 mm troacar was placed above the umbilicus and then 10 mm optic was introduced. Then a 5 mm troacar was introduced into epigastrium along the midline of abdomen under the guidance of optic and then 5 mm troacars were introduced into the right and left iliac area. During the revision of the abdominal cavity where was no evidence for liver metastases. The tumour was located in the proximal one-third of the transverse colon, is movable, firm, does not invade the serous layer, increased paracolic lymphatic nodes. Taking into consideration the intraoperation situation of the patient, we decided to perform a right hemicolectomy with D3 lymphadenectomy, high ligation of main arteries and veins. V.ileocolica was visualized, skeletonized and transected at the origin into the superior mesenteric vein with a 5 mm LigaSure (“Medtronic Covidien”) device, a. ileocolica is ligated in the origin of the superior mesenteric artery. Then the right part of the colon was mobilized from “downwards-to upwards” within the Toldt’s fascia by Harmonic Scalpel (“Ethicon”) device, a descending part of duodenum is visualized. The head of pancreas, infrapyloric lymphatic nodes were intact. Lymphatic nodes along the superior mesenteric artery and vein were removed. The operation is continued. Mesocolonectomy has been performed. The duration of this stage was 50 minutes.

Laparoscopic excision of a giant (22 cm) presacral teratoma

Laparoscopic excision of a giant (22 cm) presacral teratoma.
Professor Puchkov K.V. is performing an operation (2018).

A 22 year-old female patient had the following complaints: pain in perineum, difficulties in passage of gases, and episodic urinary retention. During investigation presacral cyst was found out with the size 22 cm, wall thickness up to 1.5 cm, without contrast accumulation dye to MRT research. Teratoma was located in the area of sacral and coccygeal bones, with compression of rectum, ureters and urinary bladder. In this video the technique of laparoscopic dissection of rectum and the posterior wall of vagina, exposure of cyst out of the surrounding tissues by a 5 mm monopolar electrode and LigaSure («MEDTRONIC COVIDIEN») instrument is demonstrated. The cyst was dotted, an ejector (1500 mL) evacuated the contents. In the lumen hair and fat was found. The cyst was dissected from m.levator ani, wall of rectum and vagina. Hemostasis was performed by bipolar forceps and hemostatic PerClot (Italy). Operation area was drained.

You can read about this technique in detail on the personal cite of Professor Puchkov Konstantin Viktorovich. To go to the link.

Surgical treatment of retrocervical endometriosis with the lesion of sigmoid colon, rectum, caecum and iliac colon, using laparoscopic access

Professor Puchkov k.V. is performing an operation (2018).

A 32 year-old patient was operated laparoscopically for deep infiltrative retrocervical endometriosis of sacrouterine ligaments and lesion of sigmoid colon, rectum, caecum and iliac colon. A repeated laparoscopy to evaluate the result had been performed in a year after surgery.
During the first operation was found out an invasion of the sigmoid colon in two areas, with stenosis of lumen more than 50%. Lesion of rectum and iliac colon with invading to the wall up to the submucous layer was identified. The whole of the wall thickness of caecum had been affected. For the better visualization of the surgical site temporary fixation of ovaries by transabdominal stitching was done. In the video safe technique of removing of endometriosis of sacrouretal ligaments and “shaving” of rectum with using of 5 mm monopolar electrode is demonstrated.
A 5 mm LigaSure («MEDTRONIC COVIDIEN») instrument was used for dissection of mesentery of the sigmoid colon, transection of the distal part by a linear endoscopic stitching device took place. The affected part of colon was removed through the minilaparotomy, the dissection of proximal part of colon was near infiltrate. Then the head of stitching device was inserted into the proximal part to form circular “end-to-end” anastomosis using a 31 mm device («MEDTRONIC COVIDIEN») laparoscopically.
At the second stage, resection of caecum with endometriosis focus with a linear endoscopic stitching device was done. Trocar wound in the right iliac area was expanded up to 3 cm, and an affected area of the iliac colon is exteriorized onto the abdominal wall. Then “shaving” of endometrioid foci up to the submucous layer was done, using a monopolar electrode. An atraumatic manual suture was placed on defects of the intestinal wall, using “Polysorb” 4-0 thread. The colon was immersed into the abdominal cavity. Anti-adhesive gel was applied to the operation area. Postoperative therapy was performed with Diferiline-3.75 mg intramuscularly within 6 months. The repeated laparoscopy to evaluate the result of treatment was performed in a year after surgery. In the abdomen cavity there was no any sings of adhesions, zones of excised infiltrates was covered by peritoneum. In the area of anastomosis on the large colon and in the area of suture on the blind gut thin scars were found out. At the area of “shaving” on the iliac colon soft scar was found out. The result of treatment is excellent.

You can read about this technique in detail on the personal cite of Professor Puchkov Konstantin Viktorovich. To go to the link.

Laparoscopic low anterior resection of rectum (partial TME-total mesorectal excision) with the use of a monopolar “hook” electrode

Laparoscopic low anterior resection of rectum (partial TME-total mesorectal excision) with the use of a monopolar “hook” electrode.
D-r Jim Khan is performing an operation (Great Britain, Portsmouth) (2018).

In this film the technique of performing low anterior resection of rectum (partial TME - total mesorectal excision) with the use of a monopolar “hook” electrode is presented. A 44 year-old male patient was treated, having the diagnosis: Cancer of middle third part of rectum fT2N0M0, G2. During the preoperation investigation of organs of abdominal cavity and small pelvis, using MRT and RCT, no data about pathologic lymphatic nodes in the abdominal cavity, small pelvis and mesorectum had been obtained. The “classical” scheme of positioning of trocars was used: on the right in the iliac area, to the right and to the left-in the mesogastric area. Operation started with the incision of peritoneum to the right of rectum, identification of interfascial layer without vessels with the help of a monopolar instrument “hook” (“Karl Storz”). Transection of the inferior mesenteric artery took place near the origin with Harmonic (“Ethicon”) device after preliminary clipping of it by titanic clips. Then exposure of rectum along its posterior wall took place with identification of the left ureter. The next stage was exposure of the inferior mesenteric vein, identification of embryological layer of the large colon, its exposure in the medialateral direction towards the splenic flexure. For safe mobilization of the splenic flexure of the colic colon inframesocolic access was used. Preliminary dissection of pancreas was done, opening of omentum sac, after that peritoneum of the left lateral canal was dissected, mobilization of the descending part of the colic colon and the splenic flexure of the colic colon was done. Exposure of rectum was done in 5 cm lower than lower border of tumour along the posterior wall, then-along the right and left semicircumference, and only at the end-along the anterior wall. Transection of the colon in its distal part was done EchelonFlex-60 instrument (a blue reload) (“Ethicon”). Then midline minilaparotomy (approx.5 cm) was performed, the latex ring “Dextrus” was placed in the wound for restriction the tissue of the anterior abdominal wall from the colon with tumour. The colon was exteriorized, resection of specimen was done, CDH-29 (”Ethicon”) device head was inserted into the proximal part, it was fixed by purse-string suture, using “Vicryl” 2-0 thread, and immersed into the abdominal cavity. CDH-29 device was inserted transanally, stitching was done, then CDH-29 was removed. The next stage loop ileostoma was created in the right iliac area. The operation was finished by placing drainage transabdominally via trocar wound in the left mesogastric area. Operation duration was 240 minutes.

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